163 Things You Can Compost


163 Things You Can Compost
And the list keeps growing!

By Marion Owen, Fearless Weeder for PlanTea, Inc. and
Co-author of Chicken Soup for the Gardener's Soul


Tom Hanks' "Power of Four" solution

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Marion Owen Lagniappe




A young boy and his father were walking along a beach, when suddenly they came upon thousands of starfish left stranded on the sand by the receding tide. The young boy leaned over, picked up a starfish and tossed it, like a Frisbee, back into the ocean. Then he picked up another one, and carried it to the water's edge.

"Son, what are you doing? You can't possibly save them all."

"I guess not. But these uns'll make it."

The youngster believed that even when the situation seemed hopeless, he could do his part. Composting is like that, too.

organic gardening newsletterEvery year, tons of organic materials are thrown away, needlessly filling up landfills. By composting these materials, you can lengthen the life of your local landfill. Like tossing a starfish back into the ocean, you can make a difference by composting.

Compost and generic stromectol to plants is like a healthy gourmet dinner to us. Compared to preparing a snazzy dinner however, making compost is easy, easy, easy. To learn how to make and use compost, read my Compost Happens! article.

Compost is not limited to tossing leaves and grass clippings into a pile. It's much more creative than that! Here's a list of 163 materials (and still counting!) you can add to your compost pile or even bury in your garden. Just think, 163 materials that don't end up in the landfill. Plus, your plants benefit from the gourmet meal. Such a deal.

Find more information on Organic Gardening Tips or Cool Climate Gardening at Lagniappe - Marion's new blog.

If you see something I've missed, send me an email so I can add it to the list. Just for fun, scan the whole list. You'll find more resources, plus a surprise at the end by a letter sent in by Jean Bell, an organic gardener in Scotland...


Paper napkins
Freezer-burned vegetables
Burlap coffee bags
Pet hair
Potash rock
Post-it notes
Freezer-burned fruit
Wood chips
Bee droppings
Lint from behind refrigerator
Popcorn (unpopped, 'Old Maids,' too)
Freezer-burned fish
Old spices
Pine needles
Matches (paper or wood)
Seaweed and kelp
Chicken manure
Leather dust
Old, dried up and faded herbs
Bird cage cleanings
Paper towels
Brewery wastes
Grass clippings
Hoof and horn meal
Molasses residue
Potato peelings
Unpaid bills
Gin trash (wastes from cotton plants)
Rabbit manure
Hair clippings from the barber
Stale bread
Coffee grounds
Wood ashes
Tea bags and grounds
Shredded newspapers
Egg shells
Cow manure
Winter rye
Grapefruit rinds
Pea vines
Houseplant trimmings
Old pasta
Grape wastes
Garden soil
Powdered/ground phosphate rock
Corncobs (takes a long time to decompose)
Jell-o (gelatin)
Blood meal
Winery wastes
Spanish moss
Fish meal
Aquarium plants
Beet wastes
Sunday comics
Harbor mud
Felt waste
Wheat straw
Peat moss
Kleenex tissues
Milk (in small amounts)
Soy milk
Tree bark
Starfish (dead ones!)
Melted ice cream
Flower petals
Pumpkin seeds
Q-tips (cotton swabs: cardboard, not plastic sticks)
Expired flower arrangements
Elmer's glue
BBQ'd fish skin
Bone meal
Citrus wastes
Stale potato chips
Rhubarb stems
Old leather gardening gloves
Tobacco wastes
Bird guano
Hog manure
Dried jellyfish
Wheat bran
Guinea pig cage cleanings
Nut shells
Cattail reeds
Granite dust
Moldy cheese
Shredded cardboard
Dolomite lime
Cover crops
Quail eggs (OK, I needed a 'Q' word)

Rapeseed meal
Bat guano
Fish scraps
Tea bags (black and herbal)
Apple cores
Electric razor trimmings
Kitchen wastes
Outdated yogurt
Toenail clippings
Shrimp shells
Crab shells
Lobster shells
Pie crust
Leather wallets
Onion skins
Bagasse (sugar cane residue)
Watermelon rinds
Date pits
Goat manure
Olive pits
Peanut shells
Burned oatmeal (sorry, Mom)
Lint from clothes dryer
Bread crusts
Cooked rice
River mud
Tofu (it's only soybeans, man!)
Wine gone bad (what a waste!)
Banana peels
Fingernail and toenail clippings
Chocolate cookies
Wooden toothpicks
Moss from last year's hanging baskets
Stale breakfast cereal
'Dust bunnies' from under the bed
Pencil shavings
Wool socks
Artichoke leaves
Leather watch bands
Fruit salad
Tossed salad (now THERE's tossing it!)
Brown paper bags
Soggy Cheerios
Theater tickets
Lees from making wine
Burned toast
Animal fur
Horse manure
Vacuum cleaner bag contents
Coconut hull fiber
Old or outdated seeds
Macaroni and cheese
Liquid from canned vegetables
Liquid from canned fruit
Old beer
Wedding bouquets
Greeting card envelopes
Dead bees and flies
Horse hair
Peanut butter sandwiches
Dirt from soles of shoes, boots
Fish bones
Ivory soap scraps
Spoiled canned fruits and vegetables
Produce trimmings from grocery store
Cardboard cereal boxes (shredded)
Grocery receipts
Urine (It's true! Read the letters below)

More "compostable" reading:

The World's Fastest Compost

How to Compost Dog Waste

Manure Matters: How different manures rate

What about urine? As promised, the letter from Jean in Scotland...

Dear Marion,

I have been visiting your site with great interest for a while now -- thank goodness for your sensible advice for gardening in northern parts -- I am in the north of Scotland and have many of the meteorological challenges that you face, wind, rain, cold, etc. (but no bears)!

Your list of 163 materials for the compost bin is really useful but perhaps I can add another -- a British organic gardening writer, Bob Flowerdew, swears by peeing on his compost saying that urine acts as an accelerator. Actually he refers to it rather delicately as 'recycling his cider and beer.' This isn't so easy for us women but I do encourage my husband to provide the goods! One for the list?

Many thanks for all your ideas and beautiful photographs,
--Jean Bell

Dear Marion,

Yes, the nitrogen of urine is excellent for the compost pile and women CAN participate. Remember the peepot? You're too young. But in the 40's when i visited my grandmother who had no indoor plumbing, we had a pot for night visits. I now use a plastic tub on the closed toilet lid and catch a few ounces during the night. Then put the tub in the bottom of the shower and catch the shower water. All can be dumped on the compost. I live in a 2-story house and must carry the tub down... haven't dropped it yet. Yikes.

When I first began my compost pile many years ago... (we were young and gay)... after an evening of drinking, I'd invite my husband (now deceased) and his friends to make a trip to my compost pile. All thought it was quite fun! --Jan Trechsel, Alabama

More great resources from Marion Owen:
Healthy Recipes - Healthy Cooking
Organic Gardening Tips - Cool Climate Gardening
Alaska Nature Photography - Alaska Photography Tips
Kodiak Island - Kodiak, Alaska

Roses are red, violets are blue.
Use compost on your flowers, and they'll be happy, too.
--Nursery rhyme from Marion Owen's organic gardening class

Thanks for visiting and please stop by again. I'll put the coffee on!

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